Burden of HF in Canada

1. Ahmed A, et al. Am Heart J 2006;151:444-50; 2. Gheorghiade M, et al. Am J Cardiol 2005;96:11G-17G; 3. Gheorghiade M & Pang PS. J Am Coll Cardiol 2009;53:557-73;
4. Holland R, et al. J Card Fail 2010;16:150-6; 5. Muntwyler J, et al. Eur Heart J 2002;23:1861-6.

Image adapted from Gheorghiade M, et al. 20052

2016 Report on the Health of Canadians – Heart and Stroke Foundation.

Therapeutic Inertia: Missed Opportunity to Initiate and Optimize Medical Therapy

ACE, angiotensin-converting enzyme; ARB, angiotensin receptor blocker; ARNi, angiotensin-receptor-neprilysin inhibitor; BB, beta-blocker; MRA, mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist.
Adapted from: Bozkurt B. J Am Coll Cardiol 2019;73(19):2384-2387.